Print Management Guide - Step-by-Step Guide for Print Management
Print Management is a Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-in that enables you to install, view, and manage all of the printers in your organization from any computer running Windows Server.
Print Management provides up-to-the-minute details about the status of printers and print servers on the network. You can use Print Management to install printer connections to a group of client computers simultaneously. Print Management can help you find printers that have an error condition by using filters. It can also send e-mail notifications or run scripts when a printer or print server needs attention. On printer models that provide a printer Web page, Print Management has access to more data, such as toner and paper levels, which you can manage from remote locations, if needed.
What Is Print Management?
Print Management is a snap-in in Microsoft Management Console (MMC) that enables you to install, view, and manage all of the printers in your organization from any computer running Windows Server. Print Management provides up-to-the-minute details about the status of printers and print servers on the network. You can use Print Management to install printer connections to a group of client computers simultaneously. Print Management can help you find printers that have an error condition by using filters. It can also send e-mail notifications or run scripts when a printer or print server needs attention. On printer models that provide a Web page, Print Management has access to more data, such as toner and paper levels, which you can manage from remote locations, if needed.
Who Should Use Print Management?
This guide is targeted at the following audiences:
?Print Administrators and Help Desk professionals.
?Information Technology (IT) planners and analysts who are evaluating the product.
?Enterprise IT planners and designers.
Benefits of Print Management
Print Management saves the print administrator a significant amount of time installing printers on client computers and managing and monitoring printers. Tasks that can require up to 10 steps on individual computers now can be accomplished in 2 or 3 steps on multiple computers simultaneously and remotely.
By using Print Management with Group Policy, you can automatically make printer connections available to users and computers in your organization. In addition, Print Management can automatically search for and install network printers on the local subnet of your local print servers.
Requirements for Print Management
Here are some important notes about the requirements for Print Management and the print servers that you can monitor using Print Management:
?You can install Print Management only on computers running Windows Server.
?You can use Print Management to monitor printers that are on print servers running Microsoft? Windows? 2000 Server, Windows Server 2003, and Windows Server operating systems.
?You can use Print Management to monitor multiple print servers at a time.
Print Management can display and install printer drivers on computers running the Microsoft? Windows NT? Server 4 operating system, but it cannot display printer drivers that are already installed. It is not possible to display forms on computers running Windows NT 4.
To take full advantage of Print Management, you must be logged on as an administrator or a member of the Administrators group on the print servers you are managing.
It is good practice for administrators to use an account with restrictive permissions to perform routine, non-administrative tasks and to use an account with broader permissions only when performing specific administrative tasks.
You can open Print Management and monitor any print server and printer without administrative privileges. However, you will be unable to perform certain functions such as adding and deleting printers and printer drivers.
Steps for Deploying and Operating Print Management
To deploy and operate Print Management, complete the following tasks:
Installing Print Management is accomplished by adding or updating the print server role. Note that the computer on which Print Management is installed does not need to be a print server. Do one of the following:
?If the print server role is not installed, perform the following procedure.
To install the print server role
1. Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Manage Your Server.
2. Click Add or remove a role.
3. In the Configure Your Server Wizard, click Next to get to the Server Role page.
4. On the Server Role page, click Print Server, and then click Next twice. Follow the steps in the wizard to complete the installation.
?If you are running an earlier version of a Windows server operating system that has the print server role and at least one shared printer already installed, perform the following procedure.
To update the print server role
1. Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Manage Your Server.
2. Click Update this role.
3. In the Print Server Role Wizard, click Next.
4. Follow the steps in the wizard to complete the installation.
After you install both Windows Server and Print Management, then open Print Management. If you want to use Print Management on a computer in another location by using Remote Desktop, the remote computer must have Windows Server and Print Management installed.
To open Print Management
?Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Administrative Tools, and then click Print Management.
You can add both a local print server and network print servers to Print Management. Note that the computer on which Print Management is installed does not need to be a print server.
Adding a Print Server
If the server on which you use Print Management is also a print server and you want to manage the printers that it hosts by using Print Management, use the following procedure to add the print server to Print Management.
To add print servers to Print Management
1. In the Print Management tree, right-click Print Management, and then click Add/Remove Servers.
2. In the Add/Remove Servers dialog box, under Specify print server, in Add server, do one of the following:
?Type the name.
?Click Browse to locate and select the print server.
3. Click Add to List.
4. Add as many print servers as you want, and then click OK.
You can add the local server on which you are working by clicking Add the Local Server.
To remove print servers from Print Management
1. In the Print Management tree, right-click Print Management, and then click Add/Remove Servers.
2. In the Add/Remove Servers dialog box, under Print servers, select one or more servers, and click Remove.
The Print Management tree contains three places where printer information is stored: Custom Printer Filters, Print Servers, and Deployed Printers. The Custom Printer Filters folder contains the All Printers object, which contains a dynamic view of all of the printers on all of the servers available for managing by Print Management. All of the custom views, or filters, of printers that you create are stored in Custom Printer Filters.
The network printer servers that you add are stored in Print Servers. Every printer server automatically is given four objects that serve as filters for information about a server:
To quickly access the Print Server Properties dialog box, right-click the Drivers, Forms, or Ports objects, and then click Manage Drivers, Manage Forms, or Manage Ports.
Deployed Printers contains a list of all of the printers located in Print Management that are managed by Group Policy objects. For more information about managing printers by using Group Policy, see Deploying Printers to Users or Computers by using Group Policy later in this guide.
Offline Print Servers
If a server goes offline, the printer server icon will change. You will be able to unable to manage the Drivers, Forms, Ports, and Printers objects until the server comes back online.
The details for each printer display in the results pane of the snap-in console. The results pane contains columns with values such as the printer name, queue status, jobs in the queue, printer location, and driver version. You can add and remove columns to show only certain characteristics of the printers, and you can filter among all the print servers in your organization to display only printers with specific criteria in the columns. Figure 1 shows both a filtered view and the resulting columns.
In any view, you can sort on one criterion by clicking on the heading of one of the columns.
Figure 1 A view of printers where "Queue Status" does not equal "Ready"
You can also show an extended view, which shows more detail about the queue and provides access to the printer's Web page, if one is available. You can add, remove, and sort columns in extended view.
Adding and Removing Columns
When you click the Printers object in each printer server or an object in the Custom Printer Filters folder, you can view the columns in the results pane that contain printer details.
To add and remove columns
1. In the Print Management tree, under a print server, right-click Printers, point to View, and then click Add/Remove Columns.
2. In the Add/Remove Columns dialog box, select the name of the column, and then click Add or Remove.
Showing Extended View
Extended view displays beneath the columns in the right pane, separated by a splitter bar. Extended view is useful when you want more information about the status of a print job, its owner, the number of pages, the size of the job, when it was submitted, its port, its priority, and so on.
In addition, when the printer has a Web page, extended view displays a Printer Web Page tab. The Web page provides details about the physical properties of the printer and specifications, and sometimes allows remote administration. For more information, see Using the printer Web page later in this guide.
To show extended view
?In the Print Management tree, under any print server, right-click Printers, and then click Show Extended View.
To display or hide columns in extended view, select a printer. On the Jobs tab, right-click the column heading row, and then click the name of the column that you want to display or hide.
You can use the filtering feature to create custom views of printers, for example, it might be helpful to filter for printers with certain error conditions or those printers in a group of buildings regardless of the print server they use. Each view is dynamic, so the data is always up to date. All filtered views are stored in the Custom Printer Filters folder in the Print Management tree.
An example of a filter that may be useful is shown in Figure 2. This custom view displays all printers on the specified printer server that have a queue status other than Ready and where there are one or more jobs in the print queue.
Figure 2 Using filter criteria to create a custom view of printers
For every filtered view that you set up, you have the option of setting notifications by e-mail or choosing to run a script. To learn how to use these options, see Troubleshoot Printers later in this guide.
To set up and save a filtered view
1. In the Print Management tree, right-click the Custom Printer Filters folder, and then click Add New Printer Filter. This will launch the New Printer Filter Wizard.
2. On the Printer Filter Name and Description wizard page, type a name and optional description for the printer filter. The name will appear in the Custom Printer Filters folder in the Print Management tree.
3. In Description, type an optional description.
4. To display the number of printers that satisfy the conditions of a filter, select the Display the total number of printers next to the name of the printer filter check box.
5. Click Next.
6. On the Define a printer filter wizard page, do the following:
a. In the Field list, click the print queue or printer status characteristic.
b. In the Condition list, click the condition.
c. In the Value box, type a value.
d. Continue adding criteria until your filter is complete, and then click Next.
7. On the Set Notifications (Optional) wizard page, do one or both of the following:
?To set an e-mail notification, select the Send e-mail notification check box, and type one or more recipient and sender e-mail addresses. An SMTP server must be specified to route the message. Use the format account@domain and semicolons to separate multiple accounts.
?To set a script to run, select the Run script check box, and then type the path where the script file is located. To add more arguments, type them in the Additional Arguments box.
8. Click Finish.
If you use customized views of Print Management, it might be useful to save one or more views. Print Management files are *.msc files.
The following are Print Management settings that you can customize for viewing:
?Print servers added
?Custom views (filters) and notifications
You can use Print Management to manage all of the printers in your enterprise, including printers in branch offices. You can use the same interface to control how printers are shared, update drivers, and control print queues. It is unnecessary to navigate to the individual folders for each printer on each printer server.
By using Print Management in conjunction with the Configure Your Server Wizard and Terminal Services, you can automatically search for and install network printers on a local print server in branch offices. This is helpful when branch office personnel are not trained in administrative duties. You can deploy a printer to an entire group of people or make a printer available to every computer in a particular room. For more information, see Deploying Printers to Users or Computers by using Group Policy later in this guide.
As the administrator on the local print server, you can add and remove printers. Print Management can automatically detect all printers located on the same subnet as the print server, install the appropriate printer drivers, set up the queues, and share the printers. Unless a printer driver cannot be found, no intervention is needed.
You need to have administrator permissions on the computer where the printers will be added.
If you want to automatically detect printers for a branch office or another location beyond the subnet of your server, use Remote Desktop to log on to the remote print server and start the process from that computer. You need to have administrator permissions on the computer where the printers will be added. Once you connect to the remote server by using Remote Desktop, you can search for network printers by starting Print Management or by running \windows\pmcsnap\fnprinters.exe from the command line.
To add network printers to the local printer server automatically
?In the Print Management tree, right-click ServerName (local), click Automatically Add Network Printers, and then click Start to automatically locate and install printers found on this server's local subnet.
You may be prompted to specify which driver you want to install for a printer, but otherwise, the process is automatic.
Bulk operations can be performed on all the printers on a particular server or all the printers under a particular filter.
The following is a list of the tasks that are possible to perform on multiple printers simultaneously:
?Cancel All Jobs
?List in Directory
?Remove from Directory
Printer driver details are shown separately for each server that you have added to the Print Management snap-in console. By default, the driver name, driver version, environment, and provider columns are visible. You can add columns to show more details such as the config file path, data file path, default datatype, driver file path, manufacturer, and so on.
You can export the list of details to a text file for use outside of Print Management.
To manage device drivers
1. In the Print Management tree, under the appropriate print server, right-click Drivers, and then click Manage Drivers.
2. Do one or more of the following:
?To add a printer driver, click Add, and then complete the Add Printer Driver Wizard.
?To remove a printer driver, select a driver from the list, and then click Remove.
?To reinstall a printer driver, select a driver, and then click Reinstall.
?To view the details for a printer driver, select the driver, and then click Properties.
Listing printers in the Active Directory? directory service makes it easier for users to locate and install printers. After you install printers on a printer server, you can use Print Management to list them in Active Directory.
In fact, you can list more than one printer simultaneously. You may want to set up a filter to show all of the printers to list or remove, so that you can easily select all of the printers at the same time.
To list or remove printers in Active Directory
1. In the Print Management tree, under the appropriate print server, click Printers.
2. In the results pane, right-click the printer you want to list or remove from the directory service, and then click List in Directory or Remove from Directory.
You can export a text file containing the data available on any Printers object, which includes the currently displayed columns.
To export a list of printers
1. In the Print Management tree, under the appropriate print server, right-click Printers, then click Export List.
2. In the Export List dialog box, in File name, type the name of the file, and then click Save.
Print Management can be used with Group Policy to automatically add printer connections to a computer's Printers and Faxes folder.
Before the Deploy Printer Connection feature will work, the schema needs to be updated. For more information about how to update the schema, see "Upgrading from a Windows 2000 domain" on the Microsoft Web site (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=52146). For more information about schema updates, see the Microsoft Web site (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=51166).
To do this, you use the Deploy with Group Policy dialog box to automatically add a printer connection setting to an existing Group Policy object (GPO) in Active Directory. When Group Policy processing runs on client computers, the printer connection settings are applied to the users or computers associated with the GPO. Printers you deploy by using this method appear in the Deployed Printers object of Print Management tree when the print server they are connected to is being monitored. You will have Read Access on the GPO to which the printers are being deployed.
This method of installing a printer is useful in a laboratory, classroom, or branch office setting where every computer in the room or office needs access to the same printer. It is also useful in large organizations, where computers and printers are often separated by function, workgroup, or department, such as marketing or human resources.
A printer connection that has been installed by using a per-user connection is available to users on any computer the user logs on to in the network. A printer connection that has been installed by using a pushed per-machine connection appears in the printers and faxes folder, ready for use by any user the next time they log on to that computer.
To enable this feature, you must use a utility called PushPrinterConnections.exe.
The PushPrinterConnections.exe utility is only needed on computers running Windows 2000, Windows XP, and Windows Server client computers.
In order for the PushPrinterConnections.exe utility to work, you must update your Active Directory schema with the Windows Server changes. For more information on these schema updates, see the Microsoft Web site (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink?linkid=51166).
First, add the PushPrinterConnections.exe utility to a machine startup script (for per-machine connections) or to a user logon script (for per-user connections). The utility reads the settings made by the GPO containing the printer setting and adds the printer connection.
It is a good idea to use the same GPO for both the printer connection settings and the PushPrinterConnections.exe computer startup or user logon script. This ensures that only users (or computers) that receive the printer connection settings will run the PushPrinterConnections.exe utility.
Only per-user printer connections are supported on computers running Windows 2000. Either Windows XP or Windows Server 2003 is required for per-machine printer connections.
You must have write access to the Group Policy object to use it to manage printers. Before you install printers by using Group Policy, you must have a GPO for your printer connections settings that is assigned to the appropriate users and computers. You can use the Group Policy Object Editor or Active Directory Users and Computers to create a GPO.
For more information about using Group Policy, see "Enterprise Management with the Group Policy Management Console" on the Microsoft Web site (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink?linkid=22814).
To install printers to groups of users or computers by using Group Policy
1. In the Print Management tree, under the appropriate print server, click Printers.
2. In the results pane, right-click the printer you want to deploy, and then click Deploy with Group Policy.
3. In the Deploy with Group Policy dialog box, click Browse, and then choose a Group Policy object.
4. Click OK.
5. To assign the printer connection setting to the GPO, do one or both of the following:
?As a per-user setting, select the The users that this GPO applies to (per user) check box.
?As a per-machine setting, select the The computers that this GPO applies to (per machine) check box.
6. Click Add.
7. Repeat steps 3 to 6 to add the printer connection setting to another GPO.
8. Click OK.
To use the PushPrinterConnections.exe file
1. USing Group Policy Management console (Gpmc.msc), right-click the GPO with your printer connections settings and click Edit.
2. In the Group Policy Object Editor tree, navigate to one following locations:
?If the printer connections are deployed per-machine, go to Computer Configuration, Windows Settings, Scripts (Startup/Shutdown).
?If the printer connections are deployed per-user, go to User Configuration, Windows Settings, Scripts (Logon/Logoff).
3. Right-click Startup or Logon, and then click Properties.
4. In the Logon Properties or Startup Properties dialog box, click Show Files.
5. Copy the PushPrinterConnections.exe file to this location and then close the window.
6. In the Logon Properties or Startup Properties dialog box, click Add.
7. Type PushPrinterConnections.exe in the Script Name box.
8. If you want to enable logging, type ?log in the Script Parameters box. Log files are written to %windir%\Temp\PpcMachine.log (for per-computer connections) and %temp%\PpcUser.log (for per-user connections) on the computer on which the policy is applied.
9. Click OK.
For per-computer connections, the printer connections will be added when the client computer restarts. For per-user connections, the printer connections will be added when the user logs on.
If you remove the printer connection settings from the GPO, the PushPrinterConnections.exe will remove the corresponding printers from the client computer on the next restart or user logon.
Print Management has several features that may help you identify and resolve printer problems?even in remote locations. Setting pre-defined filters lets you easily find all printers that are not in Ready status or that have a backed up queue. Many devices, regardless of manufacturer, provide rich status information, which is readily available to Print Management. By closely monitoring the printers in your organization, you may even be able to resolve problems before they happen, such as identifying when paper or toner is low.
You can set up e-mail notifications to alert you when a printer needs attention. This is especially useful when you have printers at multiple locations with different people responsible for managing them. By using an automated system to notify you when a printer or printer server is down, the problem may be resolved sooner and less attention may need to be focused on the monitoring program.
Print Management must be running for notifications to be sent or for scripts to run.
Multifunction printers sometimes have a Web page that is accessible though extended view in Print Management. The functionality on the printer Web page will vary depending upon both the model and the manufacturer of the printer. Some multifunction printers provide remote functions, the amount of paper in each tray, and the toner level. You may be able to delete print jobs or upgrade device drivers from the printer Web pages.
If the printer is down due to a networking error, the printer Web page cannot be displayed.
When you create a view, or filter for specific printer criteria, you have the option of sending an automatic e-mail notification to someone when the conditions of the filter are met. This is useful for resolving printer problems, particularly in an organization with multiple buildings and administrators.
For example, you can set up a view of all printers managed by a particular print server where the status does not equal Ready. Then, if a printer changes from the Ready status to another status, the administrator could receive a notification e-mail from Print Management.
To send these notifications, you must specify that the SMTP server forward the messages.
To set e-mail notifications
1. In the Print Management tree, do one of the following:
?To set a notification on an existing filtered view, right-click the custom printer filter, and then click Properties. Click the Notification tab.
?To set a notification on a new filtered view, right-click the Custom Printer Filters folder, and then click Add New Printer Filter. Follow the instructions until you reach the Set Notifications page.
2. Select the Send e-mail notification check box.
3. Enter the following information:
?In Recipient e-mail address(es), type the e-mail address of the recipient. Use the format account@domain. Use semicolons to separate multiple accounts.
?In Sender e-mail address, type the e-mail address of the sender. Use the format account@domain.
?In SMTP Server, type the host name of the SMTP server that will forward the e-mail notifications.
?In Message, type a text message describing the conditions of the printer problem.
In addition to setting notifications on a custom set of printers, you can set notifications on printer server objects. For example, if the server is offline, or the spooler goes down, an e-mail notification can be sent. To do this, right-click a print server object, click Set Notifications, and then follow steps 2 and 3 in "To set e-mail notifications."
You can quickly print a test page from any printer in your organization. This is helpful for testing a printer, particularly when you are not in the same building.
To print a test page
1. In the Print Management tree, click the appropriate print server.
2. In the results pane, right-click the printer for which you want a test page, and then click Print Test Page.
When you create a view, or filter for specific printer criteria, you have the option of running a script when the conditions of the filter are met. Script notifications are defined in the Set Notifications dialog box. Setting script notifications are useful for resolving printer problems and troubleshooting.
For example, you could automatically run a script to restart a spooler when printers go offline. You could also automatically run a script that prints a test page. The arguments are: UserSpecifiedArgumentsServerOfflineServerName
Scripts can be written in Visual Basic? Script (.vbs) or any scripting language available on the computer. The script has to be on the computer with Print Management. The script should be running with your credentials and you need to have the permissions to do whatever it is that you want the script to do.
An example of a command that you might use in a script is to start the print spooler:
net start spooler
If you are using a firewall with Print Management, some or all of the printers on a network print server may not be displayed. To solve the problem, add File and Printer Sharing to the list of exceptions in the firewall software configuration. For example, in Windows Firewall the setting is on the Exceptions tab.
To display all of the printers on a network print server when using a firewall
1. Once File and Printer Sharing has been added, click Edit.
2. In the Edit a Service dialog box, click Change scope.
3. In the Change Scope dialog box, select Any computer (including those on the Internet).